In September 1909, Emma Goldman, a well-known anarchist orator, traveled to Philadelphia to deliver a speech entitled "Anarchism: What it Really Means" at the Odd Fellow's Temple. City officials announced their plans to prevent her from speaking, following the decade’s increasingly-organized government suppression of free expression by anarchist and other radicals. Additionally, Philly's own "Broad Street Riot" of 1907, when immigrant workers and anarchists marched on City Hall, was still fresh in the public's memory.
The first labor party in the United States was formed in Philadelphia in 1828. Called the “Working Men’s Party,” the short-lived party supported skilled artisans and craftsmen in challenging their master. They called for a 10-hour workday, free public education, and the abolition of debtor prisons. The party formed in New York as well in 1829, although factional disputes lead to its dissolution in 1833.
Archimedes once declared, “Give me a fixed point and I can move the earth.” Historically speaking, the Kwangju people';s uprising of 1980 is such a fixed point. It was the pivot around which dictatorship was transformed into democracy in South Korea. Twenty years afterwards, its energy resonates strongly across the world. Among other things, its history provides both a glimpse of the free society of the future and a sober and realistic assessment of the role of the U.S. government and its allies in Asia.